Effect of early skin to skin contact between mother and her neonate on initiation of breast feeding and neonate physiological parameters
Fathia Zaky Mohamed and Amna Nagaty Aboelmagd
The evidence supporting the practice of skin-to-skin contact after birth is robust, indicating multiple benefits for both mother and baby. However, separation of mothers and infants seems to be common practice in many hospitals. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of early Skin to skin contact immediately after birth between mother and her neonate on initiation of breast feeding and neonate physiological parameters. A quasi-experimental research design was utilized for this study. A purposeful sample of 70 mothers and their neonates who met the inclusion criteria and admitted to the delivery room in Minia General Hospital. They divided randomly into two groups (study and control). One tool was used to collect the required data. A structured interview questionnaire sheet included three parts: 1)-Neonates data, 2)-Personal and obstetric data of mothers and 3)-Neonate vital signs, time of initiating breast feeding and duration of the first breast fed. Results of the present study shows that, decreasing mean time to initiate breast feeding and increasing mean duration of the first breast fed of the study group than the control group with statistically significant differences (P= <0.0001, 0.0001 & P= <0.0001) respectively and mean auxiliary temperature, heart rate and respiratory rate of neonates in the study group are increasing their mean (within the normal range) than the control group with statistically significant differences (p=<0.0001, 0.0001 & 0.0001) respectively. The study concluded the effectiveness of early skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth to full-term newborns in early successful initiation of breastfeeding and increasing the duration of first breastfed and stability of physiological parameters of the newborn. The study recommended that, a nursing simulation training program may help promote acceptance of skin-to-skin contact.
Fathia Zaky Mohamed, Amna Nagaty Aboelmagd. Effect of early skin to skin contact between mother and her neonate on initiation of breast feeding and neonate physiological parameters . Int J Res Paediatric Nurs 2020;2(1):55-62. DOI: 10.33545/26641291.2020.v2.i1a.27