Effectiveness of self-instructional module regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia among paediatric staff nurses in selected hospitals at Bangalore
Mussaver Rashid Khaja
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common hospitals acquired infection and is associated with increased mortality rate. Prevention of VAP is very important aspect while caring for mechanically ventilator patient. The nurse’s role in prevention of VAP is very significant as they provide care to the critically ill patient round the clock.
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Self-Instructional Module (SIM) on paediatric staff nurses knowledge regarding prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) in selected Hospitals at Bangalore.
Material and Methods: A Quasi experimental one group pre-test post-test design was adopted. The study was conducted on 40 paediatric staff nurses working in selected hospitals of Bangalore, who were selected by Non probability purposive sampling technique. Data was collected by administering structured knowledge questionnaire. The content validity of the tool was established. The reliability of tool was established by testing the internal consistency by using Test -retest method.
Results: Result of study indicate that total among 40 subjects, (67.5%) subjects had moderately adequate level of knowledge regarding ventilator associated pneumonia, (20%) subjects had moderate level of knowledge and only (12.5%) subjects had inadequate knowledge before administration of self-instructional module. Where as in post-test, majority of the subjects (75%) had adequate level of knowledge regarding ventilator associated pneumonia, and (25%) subject had moderately level of knowledge and none has inadequate knowledge after self-instructional module administration. The mean pre-test knowledge score was (14.73) which improved to (22.63) in post-test (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Self-instructional module improved the knowledge of pediatric staff nurses regarding ventilator associated pneumonia. Improvement in knowledge was assessed by taking post-test after 7 days. This study concluded that self-instructional module is effective tool to improve the knowledge of staff nurses regarding ventilator associated pneumonia.
Mussaver Rashid Khaja. Effectiveness of self-instructional module regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia among paediatric staff nurses in selected hospitals at Bangalore. Int J Res Paediatric Nurs 2021;3(1):21-26. DOI: 10.33545/26641291.2021.v3.i1a.53